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SAA2019, #metoo, and a Response from SAA President Joe Watkins - CRMArch 161.2

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A few APN hosts and a guest joined together at the 2019 Society for American Archaeology meetings in New Mexico to talk about the issues that took place at the meeting, the SAA response, and how we can all do better.

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Chris W @Archeowebby, @DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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Uploaded by Society for American Archaeology on 2019-04-18.
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CRM Archaeology with Michelle Cross - Ep61

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Today’s show is a recording of Chris’ radio show on Carson Community Media in Carson City, Nevada. it’s with CRM Archaeologist Michelle Cross from Stantec. She was just elected the next president of the Society for California Archaeology.

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Richie Cruz and CRM Archaeology from KNVC 95.1 FM - TAS 60

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This episode is a recording of a live radio show from Chris Webster called The Archaeology Radio Show. Listen live on Fridays at the links below. The guest is Richie Cruz and he talks about Cultural Resource Management Archaeology with Chris.

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Anarchy in CRMArch with Lewis Borck - CRMArch 159

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In this episode we speak with Lewis Borck about his article "Constructing the Future History: Prefiguration as Historical Epistemology and the Chronopolitics of Archaeology" and how it applies to CRM archaeology as we practice it.

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Chris W @Archeowebby, @DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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CALL TO ACTION - African-American Burial Grounds Network Act - CRMArch 157.1

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There is a Bill going before Congress today, February 13th, 2019 regarding setting up an African-American Burial Grounds Network within the National Park Service. Below in the links are the summary document and the actual bill.

If you’re listening to this in the future then hopefully this was successful. If it wasn’t, well, let’s try again!

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Chris W @Archeowebby, @DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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The Longest Running Podcast about Professional Archaeology - 6 Years Old - CRMArch 157

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For the last six year's we've been podcasting about the field of CRM Archaeology. We've had our ups and downs, just like the industry, but through it all we've continued to bring you awesome topics, great interviews, and educated commentary. Thanks for the past six years and here's to another six!

Special thanks to Bill’s kids, Ruckus the Cat, and all the partners and families of the hosts that allow us to do this every two weeks!

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Chris W @Archeowebby, @DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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Can Your ClipBoard Do That? - TAS 55

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Today play another episode of the live-on-Facebook show “You Call This Archaeology” with Chris Webster and Richie Cruz. We talk about contract archaeology, wireless chargers, Megan Fox, and the digital archaeology transition, among other things. Get notified when we go live on Facebook by liking the page!

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Historical Archaeology with Dr. Bill White - CRMArch 152

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Dr. Bill White, long-time host of this show, talks to us about historical archaeology. What is historical archaeology? When does it start in the United States? When does it end? What are some of the biggest questions in historic archaeology? Also, what's going historic in 2019 as a result of the 50-year-rule. These questions and more on the 152nd running of the CRM Archaeology Podcast.

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Bill A. @archaeothoughts; Chris W @Archeowebby, @DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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Lincoln Harschlip - Profiles 76

Profiles in CRM features short interviews with CRM professionals from all experience levels and educational levels. I ask a standard list of questions and see how each person answers them based on their experience.

The Questions

  • What is your name and who do you work for? (this question is omitted for those that wish to be anonymous)

  • What's the highest degree you've earned?

  • How long have you been working in CRM?

  • Where have you worked?

  • What is the position you usually have in CRM and what is the highest position you've attained?

  • What is the best thing that's happened to you that's related to being a CRM Archaeologist?

  • What is the biggest thing you would change that would make being a CRM professional better?

  • What is your career goal in CRM?

  • If you could give an undergrad thinking about CRM one piece of advice, what would it be?

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Micah Smith - Profiles 75

Profiles in CRM features short interviews with CRM professionals from all experience levels and educational levels. I ask a standard list of questions and see how each person answers them based on their experience.

The Questions

  • What is your name and who do you work for? (this question is omitted for those that wish to be anonymous)

  • What's the highest degree you've earned?

  • How long have you been working in CRM?

  • Where have you worked?

  • What is the position you usually have in CRM and what is the highest position you've attained?

  • What is the best thing that's happened to you that's related to being a CRM Archaeologist?

  • What is the biggest thing you would change that would make being a CRM professional better?

  • What is your career goal in CRM?

  • If you could give an undergrad thinking about CRM one piece of advice, what would it be?

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Bill Whitehead on Using Drones in Contract Archaeology - ArchaeoTech 88

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Drones are here to stay in CRM Archaeology. Archaeologist Bill Whitehead of SWCA in New Mexico talks about how they're using drones and other technology to enhance the products they can return to customers and increase the accuracy of their maps. At some point in the near future we're going to see a requirement for an FAA Part 107 UAS license on a job advertisement. No is the time to start learning about these so you aren't left in the dust later on.

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Zooarchaeology 101 - Animals 01

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Zooarchaeology is, as the word suggests, the study of animal remains from archaeological sites. It is a relatively new discipline that has been steadily  gaining popularity since the 1970s. Zooarchaeology can provide inference on past people’s economy, dietary habits, society and culture. 

Faunal remains recovered from archaeological sites are initially processed, identified to element and species whenever possible and finally used in quantitative and qualitative analyses to further our understanding of a given archaeological site. Zooarchaeologists will frequently attempt to gather information on the animals’ age, sex and season of death as well as looking out for bone modification (either pathological or taphonomical i.e. signs of disease and butchery/burning/gnawing). This data will then be analysed within the regional and historical context of the site.

When carrying out the analysis of a faunal assemblage, the first step is to identify as many bone fragments as possible to element and species. It is important for this process to be as accurate as possible, thus if in doubt it is best to label the specimen as unidentifiable rather than risking biasing your sample). As not all recovered fragments will not have retained enough diagnostic characteristic for confident ID, the whole sample is somewhat biased from the very beginning, hence it’d be best not to add to that with potential misidentifications. Identification of skeletal remains is largely carried out by morphological analysis, though species which present a similar anatomy may require additional tools such as biometry (which relies on measurements): this is the case for sheep/goat, to mention a few. Morphological ID is a skill that takes a lot of practice to refine, and reference collections represent an invaluable asset in order to learn and maintain your knowledge of comparative skeletal anatomy. These will be mostly comprised of modern specimens of known ID. It is important to bear in mind, however, that the morphology of a given species is unlikely to have remained static throughout time and your archaeological material may thus slightly differ to the modern reference specimen. Some species also present remarkable morphological and size variations (dogs, for instance), so these are all factors to be mindful of when analysing an archaeological assemblage.

The age at death of an animal is frequently determined based on epiphyseal fusion. For those who are unfamiliar with the concept, most bone is comprised of two parts: the central diaphysis (commonly known as the shaft) and the two epiphysis, which stand at the periphery of the bone. In several bones, these three parts are not fused together at birth, and research has been carried out to determine fusion age stages for different elements and species. 

Another frequently used method for ageing is tooth eruption and wear. 
Assigning age at death is useful in order to determine kill off patterns, which ultimately provide inference on animal exploitation. For instance, a sample mostly comprised by adult/elderly cattle indicates that they may have been used as working animals. Similarly, if the sample is comprised by numerous juveniles as well as adults, dairy production is a likely candidate. 

Further inference on exploitation is provided by sexing the animals, which is usually carried out by looking for sexually dimorphic traits (i.e. morphological traits which will differ between males and female - e.g. antler in male cervids, with the exception of reindeer). 

Pathology is the study of disease. It can provide information on animal exploitation and sometimes pet keeping. The latter hypothesis is for instance argued when an individual presents numerous pathologies which required constant human care and that would render the animal economically unviable to keep, yet it was still looked after. 

A common marker of animal exploitation which is not uncommon in cattle remains is a bone growth within the metatarsal/tarsal articulation, known as spavin. The latter is caused by chronic inflammation, most likely induced by traction. 

Taphonomy is a huge subject and an academic discipline in its own right. Within zooarchaeology, the aspects of taphonomy which are mostly looked at are man/animal induced bone modification. This can take the form of butcher marks, scorching caused by cooking, and gnawing from domestic animals and scavengers alike. 

Further Reading

  • "Identifying and Interpreting Animal Bones: A Manual" - April M. Beisaw (2013)
  • "The Archaeology of Animal Bones" - Terry O'Connor (2000)
  • "On the Average Day of a Zooarchaeologist, or Like, So What Do You Even Do?" - Alex Fitzpatrick https://animalarchaeology.com/2017/11/09/

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Hotels on the Weekend and Fire Season - CRMArch 143

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Sonia and Chris start the episode by discussing something we saw on Facebook - which is something no one should do! Anyway, should archaeologists get per diem on the weekends on long term projects? We have our opinions. We spend the rest of the episode talking about the rough fire season in the western U.S. and how to deal with smoke and fire's effects on archaeology.

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Competition Amongst Archaeologists - CRMArch 142

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From academic positions to field positions to contracts archaeologists find themselves in a race to the bottom competing with each other in an already strapped industry. Why does this happen and how can we fix it? We toss out some of our ideas on this episode.

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Creating a Universal Site Form - CRMArch 141

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Is it possible? Can a universal site form really cover all sites? Stephen, Doug, and Chris discuss the possibilities, problems, and practicality of this idea. Tell us what you think!

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Chris W @Archeowebby,@DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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Is There Preservation in CRM? CRMArch 140

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Everyone see preservation differently. Is excavation preservation? Is saving the data preservation? Is not doing anything at all preservation? What does it mean to you? On today's episode we explore this topic and giver our own opinions on what preservation means to us.

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The Drive Time Dilemma - CRMArch 138

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Drive time is always a hot-button issue in contract archaeology. Should you be paid going from the office to the town the work is in? Should you be paid if you take your own car? What about driving from your home to a local field project 30 min away? Should you be paid for that? We talk about these scenarios and more on today's episode. Please send us your feedback and opinions.

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Recording Archaeology - CRMArch 137

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Other industries around the world record, either audio or video, presentations from conferences and at least make them available to their members or to those that bought a "virtual ticket". Archaeology is notably behind the curve on this but through the efforts of Doug Rocks-Macqueen and others we're getting there. On today's show we discuss the challenges and ethics behind recording and making available conference presentations.

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Bill @succinctbill; Doug @openaccessarch; Stephen @processarch; Chris W @Archeowebby,@DIGTECHLLC, and @ArchPodNet

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What Would You Say, Ya Do Here, SHPO? - CRMArch 126

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The State Historic Preservation Officer for each state and territory of the United States is a key part of the regulatory and preservation process. But, what would a state do without a SHPO? We discuss that hypothesis on today's show. We also talk about identifying CRM Archaeology as, well, CRM Archaeology. Why not just CRM? Why not something else? 

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The Period Episode - WIA 39

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On this episode we discuss PERIODS!! A lot of us have them, they can be really inconvenient, and dealing with them in the field is often less straightforward than normal. We discuss pros and cons of the various products on the market, how to deal with that 'oops' moment, and suggestions for making your life easier when you're on your period.

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