0038 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Poster: Fuels Removal from Cultural Resources

“Thinning of a New Future: The Benefits of Removing Fuels from Cultural Resources in Santa Fe National Forest, Jemez Ranger District” By Rebecca Baisden, Stephanie Mack, Jason Millet, Carlyn Stewart, Kandi Voss, and Mary Allison Wolf

The buildup of fuels, such as tree branches, on archaeological sites is a major concern in the Jemez Ranger District of the Santa Fe National Forest due to the potential for wildfire in the area. Since 2013, the SW Jemez Mountain Landscape Restoration Project-Archaeological Site Thinning has endeavored to remove fuels from sites, creating a unique treatment plan to prevent damage to archaeological sites.

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0037 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Poster: Cedar Mesa Perishables with Erin Gearty

“The Cedar Mesa Perishables: Bringing New Life to a Forgotten Archaeological Collection” by Laurie Webster and Erin Gearty

Cedar Mesa, Utah, is an amazing landscape with a rich archaeological record. Excavations took place throughout the area, including in the dry caves in the Greater Cedar Mesa region. The Cedar Mesa Perishables Project set out to study 4,000 unpublished textiles, baskets, wooden implements, and hide and feather artifacts excavated during the 1890s. These artifacts are housed in six different museums! The overall goal of the project is to carefully document each artifact and make the collection more widely known to archaeologists, native communities, and the general public.

 

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0036 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Presentation: Landforms as Architecture

“Landforms as Architecture and the Appropriation of Place on Orayvi Wash, A.D. 550-800” by Kellam Throgmorton Binghamton University During a 2015 survey of Orayvi Wash, Arizona, two adjacent sequentially inhabited community centers were documented. The communities date between A.D. 550 and 800, the Basketmaker III and Pueblo I periods. The particularly unique aspect of these communities are the large buttes near the habitation area, which may have been seen as formalized ceremonial structures. On top of these landforms, post-and-adobe architecture was constructed, consequently manipulating the landscape into a power symbol. Consequently, we can see the creation of new power dynamics in early aggregated villages in this area. 

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0035 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Posters: Aztec North with Michelle Turner

“The Archaeology of Aztec North” by Michelle Turner, Maxwell Forton, Josh Jones, Randall McGuire, Lubna Omar, Kellam Throgmorton, Samuel Stansel, and Ruth Van Dyke Binghamton University The poster highlights testing conducted at the Aztec North great house (Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM) by a crew of archaeologists from Binghamton University. The project’s research questions, research design, and preliminary results of the excavation were discussed, including unexpected finds such as the presence of fish bones in a burnt floor feature. The authors offer some insight into how Aztec North—and cultural landscape—relates to Chaco Canyon. Turner is studying the ceramics recovered from the excavation for her dissertation! *Please note: The poster session was absolutely packed, so the background noise on the recording is quite loud.

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0034 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Posters: The Moon, Shrines, and Chaco with Robert Weiner

“An Investigation into Possible Lunar Alignments of Prehistoric Shrine-Sites at Chaco Canyon” by Anna Sofaer, William Stone, and Robert Weiner The Solstice Project and Brown University There are more than enormous pueblos and beautiful artifacts at the Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico. There are also a number of C-shaped, circular, and cairn masonry structures situated on elevated positions near and throughout Chaco Canyon. These structures appear to have been intentionally interrelated on alignments to the major standstill moon. Since there are deposits of turquoise and other artifacts at these structures, it’s thought that they may be shrines. Consequently, the shrines suggest a level of lunar astronomical expression in Chaco culture through architectural alignments. *Please note: The poster session was absolutely packed, so the background noise on the recording is quite loud

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0033 - Pecos 2016 - Pecos Posters: College vs. The Work Force

“College Vs. The Work Force” By Alyssa Colan and Vincent Gentile The Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests Are college graduates ready to work in the field of archaeology? Were they adequately prepared to survey, write reports, and dig shovel tests? Colan and Gentile explore these questions, focusing on whether or not the skills taught while obtaining a bachelor’s degree are applicable to the working world. The majority of the material taught prepares students for academia, not necessarily for working in cultural resource management. The poster highlights the skills not typically taught in the majority of undergraduate programs, including personal anecdotes, as well as suggestions for improving said programs to better prepare students.

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Conference Host: Emily Long - TrowelTalesPodcast@gmail.com

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0032 - Pecos 2016 - The Pecos Experience

The Pecos Conference, created in 1927, is an outdoor extravaganza of presentations and posters highlighting current research in southwestern archaeology. Archaeologists descend on the chosen location for the year, camping together, sharing research and stories, and carousing for a couple of days. This year the Pecos Conference took place in Alpine, AZ, hosted by the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests.

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Conference Host: Emily Long - TrowelTalesPodcast@gmail.com

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0031 - CRPS2016 - Tracy Schwartz

Cultural Resources Protection Summit

Suquamish, Washington

Tracy Schwartz is a cultural resource contractor with Naval Station Whidbey Island in Washington State. She sits down with Ashley Morton to talk about their experiences at the Cultural Resources Protection Summit in Suquamish, Washington.

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0030 - CRPS2016 - Dennis Lewarch

Cultural Resources Protection Summit

Suquamish, Washington

Dennis E. Lewarch

Dennis E. Lewarch, Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, Suquamish Tribe, has 45 years experience as a professional archaeologist. Dennis received his B.A. in 1971 and M.A. in 1974 from the University of Washington, majoring in Anthropology, and has conducted archaeological investigations throughout the United States and Mexico. He worked in the private sector for engineering firms, taught archaeology and cultural resources management at the University of Nebraska, the University of South Carolina, and the University of Washington, and conducted research and cultural resources management projects for universities. Between 1987 and 2006, he was a private sector consulting archaeologist working in the Pacific Northwest, with an emphasis on Western Washington. Dennis was hired by the Suquamish Tribe in February 2006 as part of the Environmental Program team in the Fisheries Department. The Suquamish Tribe assumed the duties of Tribal Historic Preservation Officer on the Port Madison Indian Reservation in September 2007, and Dennis was appointed the first Suquamish THPO. He created the Suquamish Archaeology and Historic Preservation Program in 2008 and serves as the Program Manager, overseeing a team that includes a professional archaeologist and a Tribal traditional heritage specialist.  

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0029 - CAA2016 - Nick Waber

Wireless Lithics: An Open Hardware Approach to Stroke Quantification and Replicability in Lithic Use-wear Experiments

Waber, Nick

University of British Columbia

Use gesture is an integral aspect of any technology, yet it is one of the most poorly understood and most under-recorded components of many lithic use-wear experiments. In experimental contexts, task-related gestures are most often glossed under the catch-all term “stroke”, and are counted, and then compared to other “strokes”, often without any further definition. This paper proposes a method for recording and measuring “strokes” in an objective, replicable manner. Using a combination of a “lithic odometer” use-life index and a hand-held Arduino-based digital force gauge, it is possible to precisely quantify what constitutes a “stroke”, and what the “strokes” mean regarding a tool's use-life history.

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0028 - CAA2016 - Laura Roskowski

Bridging the Gap between Cultural Resources Management and Academia: A Consultant In Residence’s Perspective

Roskowski-Nuttall, Laura

University of Calgary, and Stantec

Archaeology as a discipline was initially conducted by academics who investigated only the most significant sites. Over time, government bodies recognized the heritage value of archaeological sites to their citizens, and began requiring industry to conduct archaeological assessments to mitigate impacts to known sites and to identify new sites of varying significance. Thus, the need for the archaeological consultant was born. More recently, Traditional Land Use sites have also received protection and a rise in Traditional Knowledge studies has logically followed. As the disciplines of archaeology and Traditional Knowledge become increasingly regulated by local governments, they have grown away from their academic roots, leaving students without much guidance in the consulting careers offered by Cultural Resources Management. Today there is a growing trend in Canada to reacquaint academia and consulting. This talk will present the successful results of the University of Calgary’s first steps toward bridging this gap.

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0027 - CAA2016 - Beth Compton

Engaging with Archaeological Collections from Banks Island, NWT: Examining the value of digital representations and physical replicas

Compton, Mary E. and Lisa Hodgetts

University of Western Ontario

Representations, replicas, and other “copies” of archaeological objects are increasingly used to document and preserve archaeological information and facilitate its sharing. As mediums of communication, both within and outside the archaeological realm, these “copies” form a locus for engagement and experience. Here, as part of our work with the Ikaahuk Archaeology Project on Banks Island, we explore the potential of artifact “copies” to link Inuvialuit community members in Sachs Harbour to ancestral archaeological 56 material now curated in distant repositories. Over the summer of 2015, Compton conducted interviews and focus groups in Sachs Harbour, Inuvik and Yellowknife with a diverse array of archaeological constituents including local Inuvialuit community members (elders, adults, and youth), museologists, curators, and archaeologists in order to examine how they experience, perceive, and value archaeological copies in relation to original archaeological material. A collection of artifacts, digital photographs, 3D models, 3D prints, and handmade replicas provided hands-on inspiration for this dialogue. Findings suggest that, in this case, framing the “copy” in opposition to, or as a devaluation of, the original may be an oversimplification of what is valuable about the various forms. While the majority of participants demonstrated a strong interest in emerging 3D technologies, there was a high diversity of opinion, both between and within communities, about the specific roles archaeological replicas should play. 

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0025 - HHC2016 - David Connelly

A field and buildings archaeologist for the past 30 years he has worked in a variety of positions and locations from Scotland to Iraq and Germany to Turkmenistan. He works closely with metal detecting groups, the Portable Antiquities Scheme and other interested groups to ensure wider cooperation within the field of public and accessible archaeology. He is an advocated for training in practical skills for both professional archaeologists and volunteers in order to chart progress and open the professiona to a wide range of people. His recent success of the BAJR Archaeology skills passport is to be followed by the careers passport. Mr Connolly is co-editor of the volunteer journal Past Horizons, founder and director of the British Archaeological Jobs and Resources website which advertises and advises on archaeological placement and salary structures. He also runs Connolly Heritage Consultancy carrying out fieldwork along with co-directing the Rampart Scotland field Training School in East Lothian and Aberdeenshire. He is an advocate of open discussion and runs the large facebook group for British Archaeology which supports all that are interested in UK archaeology –commercial, academic, research and public.

I started what was to become my archaeological career in 1983, when I was taken on as a ‘digger’ on a Manpower Services Commision scheme in Cumbria. This was followed by another MSC scheme in Trafford, and work on the circuit. It was clear that if I wished to continue in archaeology I would need a degree. I did not want to go back to school and I was fortunate that Prof. Arnold Aspinall let me into Bradford on the strength of a five minute chat in a corridor. The Department of Archaeological Sciences was and still is an excellent place to study archaeology. I was then awarded a NERC studentship at the University of Edinburgh for my PhD where Ian Ralston and Geraint Coles were my supervisors.

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0026 - HHC2016 - Misha Pedersen

A Mature student at the Natural and Cultural Heritage Management programme at University College of Northern Denmark finishing her degree in 2016. with a  interest in the connection between human beings and landscape, with a focus on sense of place and heritage linked to geography.

Misha is a project assistant in Geopark Vestjylland in Western Jutland, Denmark, where she works with strategy, fundraising and community involvement. Past experience includes volunteer management, consulting on user experience within the hospitality sector as well as many years of volunteering at heritage centres and local history archives.”

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0024 - NAA2016 - Webster - Future of Field Survey

This is the paper presented by Chris Webster at the Nevada Archaeological Association conference in Ely, Nevada on April 22, 2016. Here is the abstract:

In 2015, DIGTECH surveyed 45,000 acres in desert and "Great Basin" like environments. We used Apple iPad Minis to record over 250 prehistoric and historic sites and over 1500 isolated finds. We had field technicians using California DPR forms that we created for $9 software from the Apple Appstore. Now, we're helping to re-invent the first phase of digital archaeology and will bring ALL phases of archaeology and beyond into the forefront of field data collection and management.

Special thanks to Michael Ashley for joining up my audio and my slides!

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0015 - HHC2016 - Andrew Hoaen

 “The hidden heritage of Veteran Trees and ancient woods in the Forest of Dean Gloucestershire”.

At Edinburgh I applied for funds from the University to start my own archaeological project (separate to my PhD. Research), which developed into a 10 year study of the Later Prehistory of Cumbria. After my PhD. I had a post doc at the Crichton campus of the University of Glasgow in Dumfries. Being based in Dumfries with a young family once my post doc ended I decided to work part time in continuing/distance learning and archaeological consultancy, rather than commute long distances to work. Since moving to Worcester in 2008 and with my children having grown up I have expanded my ‘portfolio’ career in teaching and am currently piloting a HLF program into the environmental history of woodland in the Forest of Dean.

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0012 - HHC2016 - Alison James/Angela Middleton

Alison James has been a maritime archaeologist at Historic England for seven years with responsibility for the protected wreck sites. Previously she worked at Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology and the NAS.

Angela Middleton holds a degree in archaeological conservation from the University of Applied Sciences in Berlin and an MSc in Maritime Conservation Science from the University of Portsmouth.

She has worked for the Newport Medieval Ship Project and the Michael Faraday Museum of the Royal Institution before joining Historic England as an Archaeological Conservator in 2007. Here she is responsible to advise on and undertake research and investigative conservation on material retrieved from land and marine sites. She has a special interest in the conservation of waterlogged organic materials

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0023 - HHC2016 - Dave Parham

Dave  is an experienced archaeologist and diver / diving supervisor who has directed maritime archaeological projects that range in date from the Bronze Age to the Second World War and in scope from strategic studies to extensive field investigations. He has worked extensively throughout the British Isles as well as the Baltic, Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. His research interests focus on the archaeology of seafaring and ship construction of all periods but can extend into underwater cultural heritage management on occasions.

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0022 - HHC2016 - Valeria Amoretti

Archaeological Heritage in Naples: Hidden or Used?

Valeria is an Archaeologist and Physical Anthropologist with a great passion for Cultural Anthropology. She achieved her degree in Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Pisa University. She is specialized in Forensic Anthropology, in Paleopathology, in Christian Archeology and Museum Sciences. She was Research Fellow in L’Aquila University, were she had her PhD in medieval Archeology. She is an archeologist and anthropologist both in the fieldwork and in laboratory, and thanks to this ability she is now a collaborator at the Superintendence of many Italian Regions (Liguria, Toscana, Trentino, Abruzzo). She took part in 52 archeological campaigns, 32 lab works on materials and 30 publications. The will to make known the work and the discoveries related to the archeology and the heritage led her to attend a second PhD in Architecture, Design and Cultural Heritage in Naples, with the specific intent to study how to communicate archeology. She fell in love with this city, its connected heritage and its unique cultural anthropology. Currently she is working on a PhD Thesis on “Musealization of Human Remains”, and she is attracted to the perspectives of the application of new technologies to cultural heritage for the enhancement of archeological sites and objects.

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0021 - HHC2016 - Alison McCandlish

 “Hidden Heritage- Unseen, Unknown, Undervalued, Untold”

A PhD student in cultural planning at UWS, with a background in town planning (BA Hons), heritage conservation (MSc), Education (TQFE) and creative media (MA), having worked in various Local Authorities in North East England and the West of Scotland and as a Teaching Fellow for Historic Scotland. She is a chartered town planner (MRTPI), Full member of the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) and member of the Associaion of Illustrators (AoI). Her academic research interests centre around community engagement and heritage management through using digital and artistic methods.   She writes a twice-weekly newsblog for the Institute of Historic Building Conservation and runs an award winning freelance digital interpretation and illustration practice.

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