A fulacht fiadh, as it is called in Ireland, or burnt mound as it is known in the UK is a type of cooking pit which usually dates to the Bronze Age (2500-500BCE).
On 18th January 1823 William Buckland, a geology professor at Oxford University, entered Goat's Hole Cave at Paviland and started excavating what he thought was a woman's burial from the time of the Romans, alongside carved elephant ivory rods and rings. In this podcast Kim Biddulph traces the history of the skeleton's interpretation, to the one that is currently held now, a Palaeolithic man dating back to 33,000 years ago, buried with mammoth ivory artefacts.
- Aldhouse-Green, S, 2000. Paviland Cave and the 'Red Lady': A definitive report. Bristol, Western Academic and Specialist Press.
- Barton, N 2005 (2nd edn). Ice Age Britain. London, B.T. Batsford.
- Jacobi, R.M, & Higham, T.F.G, 2008. The 'Red Lady' ages gracefully: new ultrafiltration AMS determinations from Paviland. Journal of Human Evolution, Vol 55, Issue 5, pp898-907
- Jacobi & Higham article
- Red Lady of Paviland page on the Bradshaw Foundation's website
- Oxford University Museum of Natural History
- Explore Gower webpage about Goat's Hole Cave
- BBC article about the redating of the Red Lady
- Nature article about the updated radiocarbon technique for the redating
- BBC article about bringing the skeleton back to Wales
How did the British Museum, which first opened to the public on 15th January 1759 and which now houses so many of the world's archaeological treasures, come into being? In this episode of Archaeology 365 Kim Biddulph delves into the life and circumstances of the owner of the museum's founding collection, Sir Hans Sloane.
- History of the British Museum
- History of the British Museum's collections
- Information about Sir Hans Sloane on the British Museum website
- History of the British Museum buildings
- Short article from History Today on the opening of the British Museum
- Sir Hans Sloane's last will and testament
- Natural History Museum information about Sloane
- Ordinary's Account of 24th May 1700 of the confessions of John Shirly, Philip Wake and James Walters
- Powerpoint on the BM's website about the Museum in the 18th century
- Link to download PDF of trail around Bloomsbury about Sir Hans Sloane developed by Camden schoolchildren