The skeletal remains of dogs are simultaneously very distinct in their characteristics, but also very similar to other animals. Compare a dog skull to grey seals or foxes to see what we mean!
Dogs seem to have had a special relationship with humans - this can be observed in some burial and ritual rites involving dog remains. There is currently a lot of interesting research happening that combines aDNA (ancient DNA) analysis with zooarchaeology to better understand human-dog relations and the domestication of the dog over time.
Due to breeding techniques, the skulls of certain modern dogs have been transformed beyond recognition - if you're brave enough, Google some of the breeds we mention in the episode.
And we unfortunately have no idea who let the dogs out still...sorry.
Fagan, B. (2015) The Intimate Bond: How animals shaped human history
London: Bloomsbury Press
Toynbee, J.M.C. (2013) Animals in Roman Life & Art
Barnsley: Pen & Sword
Merrifield, R. (1987) The Archaeology of Ritual and Magic
London: Guild Publishing London
Van Grouw, K. (2018) Unnatural Selection
Oxfordshire: Princeton University Press
Houlbrook, C. and Armitage, N. (2015) The Materiality of Magic. Oxford: Oxbow Books.